ADVERBS! Page 414 Mastery Sheet I
Adverbs answer: how, when, where, why, how often, how much, to what extent, under what condition – describes a Verb, another Adverb or and Adjective.
SIMPLE ADVERB – One-word Adverb – no suffix (what’s a suffix – an ending such as “ly” most common type of adverb Here’s an example without a suffix – simple Adverb- Example: Pull hard. What is the verb (pull) Pull how? (hard – adverb). Run fast. (Run – verb) Run how? (fast adverb) Jump high. (jump verb) Jump how? – (high – adverb).
I’ll go soon – (go – verb) when? (soon – adverb)
FLEXIONAL ADVERB: adds “ly” to an adjective – (refer to page 25 – Student Resource notebook) –
(the “ly” list and “adjective” list on page 29 are somewhat interchangeable – add ly to make and adj. an adverb and take the “ly” off for an adjective.
-She cooked hastily (What does hastily mean? – hurrying – too quick to be wise) (Verb? Cooked) Cooked how? (hastily – flexional adverb)
-He nodded bashfully (what is bashful – shy) (Verb? – nodded) nodded how? (bashfully – flexional adverb)
-She talked incessantly (what does incessantly mean? Constantly) Verb? Talked (talked how?) incessantly – flexional adverb.
AFFIRMATIVE Adverb: – Expresses affirmation (what is affirmation – something declared to be true) –
-By all means eat. – Affirmative adverb & adverb phrase (By all means) – modifying what verb? (eat).
-Are you going to the park? Certainly (or Yes) I am. – (Certainly or Yes) are the Affirmative adverbs – and am is the verb
NEGATIVE Adverb: – Expresses a negative condition (what’s a negative condition – when you ask your parents for something and they say what? “no”
She never talks to strangers. – What is the verb? (talks) and what is the negative adverb? (never)
Clarisse was not the culprit – What is the verb? (was) and the negative adverb? (not)
ADVERBIAL PHRASE: A phrase is used (many words) as a single adverb in a sentence
Remember – “I’ll go soon” in our Simple Adverb example? Let’s make it a phrase – I’ll go in an hour. Go is still our verb – what is the adverbial phrase? In an hour (answer’s when)
-Education is for our benefit. Is – is the verb here. What answers the question why? For our benefit – adverbial phrase.
ADVERBIAL CLAUSE: (dependent) A clause has a complete sentence within a sentence.
Tommy scrubbed the bathroom tile until his arms ached.
How did Tommy scrub? Until his arms ached, an adverb clause.
Josephine’s three cats bolted from the driveway once they saw her car turn the corner.
When did the cats bolt? Once they saw her car turn the corner, an adverb clause.
After her appointment at the orthodontist, Danielle cooked eggs for dinner because she could easily chew an omelet.
Why did Danielle cook eggs? Because she could easily chew an omelet, an adverb clause.